Partner Congruence on Fertility Intentions and Values: Implications for Birth Outcomes
In this study, using partner data from the U.S. National Survey of Fertility Barriers (NSFB) we examined how couples agreement or disagreement having another child impacted future child birth. Other factors were also examined in this study, such as the importance of their careers, having time for leisure and the value they attributed to being a parent. In our analysis of the data we found that when only one couple wants another child, the odds of having another child in the future is higher than when neither partner desires to have a child in the future. However, if both partners agree that they want a child in the future, the likelihood of having future children is much higher. In couples where neither partner wants a future child, or when the woman places a high importance on career success, that couple is less likely to have future children.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission and Maternal Postpartum Depression
The results from this study examined the effects of a newborn’s NICU stay impacted their mother’s postnatal depression. What we found was that depression during pregnancy did not predict whether or not an infant would have a NICU stay. However, having an infant admitted to the NICU does increase the chance for the mother experiencing postpartum depression.
Tough Decisions: Exploring Women’s Decisions Following Unintended Pregnancies
In this qualitative study of women we explored women experiencing unintended pregnancies. Interviews were conducted with women who decided to continue with their pregnancies and also with women who terminated their pregnancies. The findings concluded that the women referenced differences in their ability to access resources, family and social support, the context of their pregnancy situation and their own values and beliefs in their decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy.
Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions about Sex and Parenthood: The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation
Anger regulation and the relationship to childhood trauma and an adolescents’ opinions about sex and parenthood were explored in this study of 1,311 7th graders. We found that girls and boys with more trauma exposure were also more likely to think that becoming a teen parent was best for them. Girls who experienced childhood trauma were more likely to report feeling an increased pressure to engage in sex and to have a baby. But, the study also found that the teens’ ability to regulate their anger explained the association between trauma and opinions about sex and teen pregnancy.
Stability and change in personal fertility ideals among U.S. women in heterosexual relationships
This longitudinal study explored how the number of children a woman desires changes over time. For most women, the number of children they wanted did not change. Women who initially reported that they wanted more children were less likely to later report that they wanted fewer children. Women with higher education were less likely to report later that they wanted more children. Also, women who worked full-time were also more likely to report later that they wanted less children.
Spierling, T.N., Ciciolla, L., Tiemeyer, S., & Shreffler, K.M. (Forthcoming). Laying the groundwork for social and emotional development: Prenatal attachment, childbirth experiences, and neonatal attachment. In A. Morris, & A. Williamson (Eds.), Building early social and emotional relationships in infants and toddlers: Integrating research and practice. Springer Publishing.