Partner Congruence on Fertility Intentions and Values: Implications for Birth Outcomes
In this study, using partner data from the U.S. National Survey of Fertility Barriers (NSFB) we examined how couples agreement or disagreement having another child impacted future child birth. Other factors were also examined in this study, such as the importance of their careers, having time for leisure and the value they attributed to being a parent. In our analysis of the data we found that when only one couple wants another child, the odds of having another child in the future is higher than when neither partner desires to have a child in the future. However, if both partners agree that they want a child in the future, the likelihood of having future children is much higher. In couples where neither partner wants a future child, or when the woman places a high importance on career success, that couple is less likely to have future children.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission and Maternal Postpartum Depression
The results from this study examined the effects of a newborn’s NICU stay impacted their mother’s postnatal depression. What we found was that depression during pregnancy did not predict whether or not an infant would have a NICU stay. However, having an infant admitted to the NICU does increase the chance for the mother experiencing postpartum depression.
Tough Decisions: Exploring Women’s Decisions Following Unintended Pregnancies
In this qualitative study of women we explored women experiencing unintended pregnancies. Interviews were conducted with women who decided to continue with their pregnancies and also with women who terminated their pregnancies. The findings concluded that the women referenced differences in their ability to access resources, family and social support, the context of their pregnancy situation and their own values and beliefs in their decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy.
Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions about Sex and Parenthood: The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation
Anger regulation and the relationship to childhood trauma and an adolescents’ opinions about sex and parenthood were explored in this study of 1,311 7th graders. We found that girls and boys with more trauma exposure were also more likely to think that becoming a teen parent was best for them. Girls who experienced childhood trauma were more likely to report feeling an increased pressure to engage in sex and to have a baby. But, the study also found that the teens’ ability to regulate their anger explained the association between trauma and opinions about sex and teen pregnancy.
Stability and change in personal fertility ideals among U.S. women in heterosexual relationships
This longitudinal study explored how the number of children a woman desires changes over time. For most women, the number of children they wanted did not change. Women who initially reported that they wanted more children were less likely to later report that they wanted fewer children. Women with higher education were less likely to report later that they wanted more children. Also, women who worked full-time were also more likely to report later that they wanted less children.
Spierling, T.N., Ciciolla, L., Tiemeyer, S., & Shreffler, K.M. (Forthcoming). Laying the groundwork for social and emotional development: Prenatal attachment, childbirth experiences, and neonatal attachment. In A. Morris, & A. Williamson (Eds.), Building early social and emotional relationships in infants and toddlers: Integrating research and practice. Springer Publishing.
Zhang, Zijia, Stacy Tiemeyer, Brenda Davis, Ashlee Rempel, Kent Teague, and Karina Shreffler. “Maternal Childhood Adversity and Intergenerational Transmission of Risk During Pregnancy: Preliminary Biomarker Results from the HATCH Project.” Poster to be presented at 2019 OU-Tulsa Research Forum.
Tiemeyer, Stacy, Karina Shreffler, and Julia McQuillan. “Birth after a pregnancy loss: Implications for pregnancy happiness.” Paper to be presented at the 2019 Population Association of America Annual Meeting, Austin, TX.
Shreffler, Karina, Stacy Tiemeyer, Lucia Ciciolla, and Julie Croff. “Enhancing Prenatal Attachment to Reduce Maternal Health Behavior Risks Associated with Unintended Pregnancies.” Paper to be presented at the 2019 American Academy of Health Behavior Annual Meeting, Greenville, SC.
Tiemeyer, Stacy. “Interdisciplinary Research: Optimizing Academic and Clinical Partnerships to Study Maternal Childhood Adversity and Intergenerational Transmission of Risk to Offspring.” Invited presentation at Center for Family Resilience, Oklahoma State University.
Shreffler, Karina, Stacy Tiemeyer, and Meagan Parrish-Meadows. “Experiencing Family Incarceration during Childhood: Implications for the Next Generation.” Paper presented at the 2018 American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Shreffler, Karina, Stacy Tiemeyer, and Tiffany Spierling. “Prenatal Depression and Post-Birth Outcomes.” Paper presented at the 2018 American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Tiffany Spierling, Karina Shreffler, Tara Wyatt, Stacy Tiemeyer, and Tristan Spierling. “Transition to Motherhood in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.” Paper presented at the 2018 National Council on Family Relations Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Karina Shreffler, Stacy Tiemeyer, Meagan Meadows, Julia McQuillan, and Arthur Greil. “How Does Pregnancy Loss Affect the Importance of Motherhood to Women in the U.S.?” Paper presented at the 2018 National Council on Family Relations Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Hill, Twyla and Stacy Tiemeyer. “Children’s Aid to Parents: Gender Roles, Social Context, and Patterns of Caregiving.” Invited symposium on aging at the 2018 National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, San Diego, CA.
Greil, Arthur, Julia McQuillan, Elizabeth Richardson, Michele Lowry, Stacy Tiemeyer, Kathleen Slauson-Blevins, and Andrea Burch. “Stability and Change in Motherhood Status and Fertility Problem Identification: Implications for Changes in Self-esteem.” Paper presented at the 2018 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
McQuillan, Julia, Arthur Greil, Stacy Tiemeyer, Karina Shreffler, and Collen Colaner. “Does It Matter Who Perceives a Problem? Gender, Perceptions of Fertility Problems, & Depressive Symptoms.” Paper presented at 2018 European Population Conference in Brussels, Belgium.
Greil, Arthur, Stacy Tiemeyer, Karina Shreffler, Julia McQuillan, and Kathleen Slauson-Blevins. “Are Attitudes about The Importance of Planning Pregnancies Related to Pregnancy Intentions?” Paper presented at 2018 European Population Conference in Brussels, Belgium.
Karina Shreffler, Stacy Tiemeyer, and Tara Wyatt. “Why Do Maternal Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) Lead to Poor Birth Outcomes? Exploring Biobehavioral Pathways.” Paper presented at the 2018 World Congress of the World Association for Infant Mental Health, Rome, Italy.
Tara Wyatt, Karina Shreffler, and Stacy Tiemeyer. “The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Maternal Mental Health” Poster presented at the 2018 World Congress of the World Association for Infant Mental Health, Rome, Italy.
Shreffler, Karina M., Stacy Tiemeyer and Ron Cox. “Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions About Sex and Parenthood: The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation.” Paper presented at the 2018 annual meeting of the Population Association of America meeting in Denver, CO.
Shreffler, Karina M., Stacy Tiemeyer, Arthur L. Greil, and Julia McQuillan. “Does Infertility Resolution Effect a Change in Women’s Well-Being.” Poster presented at the 2018 annual meeting of the Population Association of America meeting in Denver, CO.
Shreffler, Karina M., Stacy Tiemeyer, Meagan Meadows, and Tara Wyatt. “Precarious Childhoods and Hopeful Beginnings: An Examination of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Health During Pregnancy.” Paper presented at the 2018 annual meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society conference on the Sociology of Reproduction in Baltimore, MD.
Shreffler, K.M. How does maternal childhood adversity “get under the skin” and cause adverse birth outcomes? Paper presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations in Orlando, FL.
Early life events, such as those captured by the ACE measures, can have substantial implications for later life health outcomes. We expand the ACEs framework to include a multigenerational focus on adverse birth outcomes. This paper applies a biobehavioral conceptualization to explain how maternal early life adversity shapes attitudes, behaviors, and physiological responses such that adverse birth outcomes are more likely. This should provide a fuller understanding of the causes of differences in pregnancy- and contraception-related attitudes and behaviors as well as highlight the negative physiological impact that early stress can have on birth outcomes.
Shreffler, K.M., Tiemeyer, S., Cox, R.B., & *Grissett, J. Childhood adversity and attitudes towards having a baby in adolescence. Paper presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations in Orlando, FL
Although many studies have focused on teen sexual behavior and predictors of teen pregnancy, few have examined potential predictors of teen attitudes toward pregnancy. Using a sample of 416 urban students from the South Central U.S., this study examines the role of childhood adversity on the likelihood of group membership in one of three attitudinal categories toward teen pregnancy (having a baby would make my life worse, better, or would not change it much) using a series of multinomial logistic regressions. Results indicate that childhood adversity significantly increases the odds of believing that having a baby would make life better. Implications for future research and clinical application are discussed.
Spierling, T., & Shreffler, K.M. Does prenatal attachment mediate the relationship between pregnancy intentions and postpartum depression? Poster presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations in Orlando, FL.
Using multivariate regression analyses with a sample of 133 women surveyed before and after their first birth, this study examined the relationship between multiple dimensions of pregnancy intendedness and postpartum depressive symptoms and examined whether prenatal attachment mediates this relationship. Findings suggest that pregnancy happiness, wantedness, and timing are associated with postpartum depression symptoms, as is prenatal attachment. In the full model, prenatal attachment mediates the associations between pregnancy wantedness and timing and postpartum depression, but not pregnancy happiness.
Shreffler, K.M., Tiemeyer, S., & *Wyatt, T. A mixed methods investigation of adverse birth outcomes. Paper presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in Montreal, Canada.
Adverse birth outcomes are associated with heightened risk for short- and long-term health problems and developmental delay. Infant mortality, very low birth weight (birth weight < 1500 grams), and pre-term birth occur most frequently among births to rural mothers. A variety of demographic, socioeconomic, health care, and cultural characteristics may increase the risk for adverse birth outcomes, and these characteristics vary considerably between urban and rural communities. In this paper, we utilize a unique mixed methods technique, survey-driven narrative construction, in an effort to explore factors that increase risk for or protect against adverse birth outcomes. Specifically, we examine women’s experiences with early life adversity, current sociodemographic circumstances, pregnancy experiences, and birth experiences for women living in rural and urban counties across Oklahoma.
Tiemeyer, Stacy and Karina Shreffler. “Faith, Values & Pregnancy: Interaction between Race, Religiosity, and Importance of Motherhood.” Paper presented at the 2017 Psychosocial Workshop, Chicago, IL.
Shreffler, Karina and Stacy Tiemeyer. “Reasons for and Outcomes Associated with Non-Contraceptive Sterilization.” Paper presented at the 2017 Psychosocial Workshop, Chicago, IL.
Tiemeyer, S., McQuillan, J., & Shreffler, K.M. Multiple measures of pregnancy intendedness and happiness for first births: The role of social class, age, and relational context. Poster presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the Population Association of America in Chicago, IL.
Multiple studies find evidence of a substantial race/ethnicity and socioeconomic gradient in the proportion of unintended pregnancies and births. Our study uses the recently added variables in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) measuring the degree that respondents tried and wanted to get pregnant. We consider how socioeconomic class is associated with trying and wanting to get pregnant. The results of our study suggest that age and union status explain most of the social class differences in trying and wanting to get pregnant. Social class modifies the effect of wanting to get pregnant on happiness about pregnancy, respondents whose mothers had the lowest level of education were happier about unwanted pregnancies compared to women whose mothers had at least a high school diploma. Happiness about conception leading to a first birth as an outcome provides insight to the meaning of different measures of pregnancy intendedness.
Shreffler, K.M., Tiemeyer, S., McQuillan, K., & Greil, A.L. Exploring experiences of sterilization among women without children. Paper presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the Population Association of America in Chicago, IL.
In this article, we use data from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers—a national, population-based telephone survey—to examine the reasons for and experiences with sterilization surgeries among women without children. We analyze the small (N = 126) random sample of sterilized women without children using “survey-driven narrative construction,” which entails converting the structured answers and open-ended responses for each respondent into narratives and identifying themes. We focused on the voluntary vs. involuntary nature of both sterilization surgery and childlessness. We found that there is considerable variation in this group. Some women are voluntarily childfree and opted to have sterilization surgery, but most women did not undergo sterilization surgery for contraceptive reasons. Among those who were involuntarily sterilized, there was variation in whether the surgery was a barrier to motherhood. Our results suggest that survey research on childlessness and sterilization should consider these nuances.
Tiemeyer, Stacy and Karina Shreffler. “Pregnancy Intendedness and Post-partum Depression.” Paper presented at the 2017 Eastern Sociological Society Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Shreffler, Karina and Stacy Tiemeyer. “Exploring Associations between Early Adversity & Attitudes about a Current Pregnancy.” Paper presented at the 2017 Eastern Sociological Society Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.